Thursday 18 November

8am: An endocrinology approach to polyuria/polydipsia | Jessica Romine
Increases in urinary output ultimately are related to the degree of water absorption in the kidney, but this process is influenced by numerous other organs and metabolic conditions. This talk will review the pathophysiology of polyuria and polydipsia (PU/PD), and the various hormones affecting the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine appropriately. Focus will be on a diagnostic approach to PU/PD including important historic details, test prioritization, and reasoning behind different therapeutic tactics.

9am: Canine hyperadrenocorticism: which test is best and what treatment works | Tommy Fluen
This talk will focus on the appropriate diagnostic testing for suspect cases of hyperadrenocorticism in dogs as well as a discussion about management of the disease medically. We will focus on some of the newly proposed monitoring strategies for medically managed cases of hyperadrenocorticism.

10.30am: When things go wrong in practice | Brett Gartrell

11am: Calcium and vitamin D disorders | Jessica Romine
Calcium is critical to multiple physiologic processes, and calcium homeostasis is typically tightly controlled through several mechanisms. This talk will review the role of calcium and Vitamin D in the body, how Vitamin D is absorbed, and consequences of hypo- and hyper-vitaminosis D. Testing and treatment strategies will also be highlighted for some of the more common Vitamin D-related clinical scenarios, along with recent connections between Vitamin D state and various other comorbidities.

11.30am: Thyroid disease in dogs: making an accurate diagnosis| Jessica Romine
Hypothyroidism is one of the more common endocrine disorders in dogs but due to thyroid fluctuations in various disease states, definitive diagnosis can sometimes be difficult. This talk will review the basics of thyroid physiology as well as where along the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis issues may arise. Current literature regarding best testing strategies will be highlighted. Causes of the less common diagnosis of canine hyperthyroidism will also be reviewed.

1.30pm: Canine diabetes: my approach and the progress we have made| Linda Fleeman
Diabetes in dogs will often respond well to standard treatment resulting in excellent long-term outcomes. However, cases complicated by concurrent conditions such as Cushing’s, chronic pancreatitis or other gastrointestinal conditions can be challenging. Strategies are required to prioritise diagnostic investigations and manage treatments in a timely manner that preserves owner resources. This includes insulin treatments to deal with insulin resistance while minimising hypoglycaemia, and the most useful monitoring options.

2.30pm: Feline diabetes: my approach and what we have learnt| Linda Fleeman
Diabetes in cats usually responds well to standard treatment resulting in excellent long-term outcomes. However, cases complicated by concurrent conditions such as chronic renal failure or gastrointestinal conditions can be challenging. Understanding the impact of these conditions on diabetic control informs strategies to manage multiple treatments in a manner that preserves owner resources. This includes insulin treatments to deal with insulin resistance while minimising the risk of hypoglycaemia, and the most useful monitoring options.

4pm: Nutrition in diabetes | Linda Fleeman
Nutritional strategies are as important as insulin treatment for the management of diabetes. Postprandial glycaemia in dogs varies significantly in shape and magnitude with diet, and typically lasts longer than it does in people. In contrast, postprandial glycaemia can be minimal in cats and often is sustained over 24 hours. There is no single approach that is “best” for all cases, and so flexible and patient-focussed options are required.

4.30pm: Diagnosis and management of hypoadrenocorticism in dogs | Tommy Fluen
This talk will discuss the diagnosis of hypoadrenocorticism (Addisons disease) in dogs along with updates on acute and chronic treatment strategies.                 

5pm: Diagnosing and managing insulinoma | Tommy Fluen
This talk will discuss the presentation and diagnosis of insulinoma in dogs along with some updated treatment strategies.

Friday 19 November

8am: Understanding learning theory | Lindsay Skyner
Animals are always learning; therefore, they are always being trained whether this is intentional or not. In order to ensure an animal is not suffering, it is important to understand the species' behaviour, so as to correctly know what they are communicating with us. This presentation will discuss the types of learning, relevance of motivation and explanation of all four potential operant conditioning consequences that are so often misunderstood.

9am: How to provide low-stress veterinary visits of your patients | Jess Beer
An overview of the steps needed to reduce fear, anxiety and stress in your patients. Evaluating the environment, handling techniques and the use of medications. Refresher on understanding body language to enable you to read your patients before they resort to aggression. Low Stress Veterinary Visits are kinder to your patient, appreciated by your clients and staff and will reduce injuries due to aggressive pets.

10.30am:Plenary | Sam Hazledine

11.30am: Gut brain axis in dogs | Caroline Mansfield

12pm: Effective use of medications for behavioural issues | Elsa Flint 
In recent years, awareness of neurochemical and neurophysiological abnormalities and the existence of anxiety-based disorders in animals, has increased. Medication is available to treat abnormalities which may previously have resulted in euthanasia or abuse of affected pets. This lecture gives a brief overview of medications that are available to treat behavioural abnormalities and to prevent anxiety in animals during visits to the vet. Medications now regularly used in animals to address these problems include SSRIs (Fluoxetine Sertraline), SARIs (Trazodone), TCAs (Clomipramine), Gaba receptor agonists (Benzodiazepines), alpha-2 adrenergic blockers (clonidine), and calcium channel inhibitors (Gabapentin) combination therapy is often used. Most of these drugs are not registered for animals but have been used successfully for several years.

1.30pm: Puppy socialisation: how do we advise clients? | Jess Beer
The balance of providing puppies with the exposure they need whilst still protecting them from diseases and experiences that may lead to serious health and behaviour problems. How to provide your clients with the right advice to balance both the health and behavioural needs of puppies.

2pm: The case for reward-based learning | Lindsay Skyner
Humans are generally poor at interpreting animal behaviour, especially that of dogs. A lack of understanding of behaviour, training techniques or the difference between reward and aversive-based training can result in a breakdown in the human/animal relationship, risk of aggression, and intensified occurrence of behavioural problems. This presentation will clarify some of these areas of confusion and introduce CANZ Accreditation and how it can help you in practice.

2.30pm: Case studies focused on anxiety conditions | Elsa Flint
A selection of cases from the behaviour practice with an emphasis on anxiety-based disorders including separation distress, agoraphobia and status related aggression in dogs. Cases requiring desensitisation to the clinic environment are included. Some interesting cases of inter-cat aggression are presented.

4pm: Treatment and handling for cats in the senior life stage | Jess Beer
To ensure elderly cats can receive the veterinary care they need, it is important to handle and treat these patients with care. Recognising behavioural clinical signs and consequences of medical issues, and how to balance the needs of multiple health concerns. Including tips to perform routine diagnostics in elderly cats.

4.30pm: Is it behavioural or medical? | Elsa Flint
Apart from an obvious injury, accidents, lumps, bumps, discharges, odours and coat changes, owners usually bring their animals to vets because they have seen a change in their behaviour. This might be a change in appetite, exercise tolerance, gait, demeanour and interaction or elimination habits. Owners often have preconceived ideas about behavioural changes so It is up to the veterinarian to determine what is causing that behavioural change and to treat it appropriately whether this be with medical intervention, behavioural modification or a combination of both. It must be remembered that behaviour is a reflection of genetic make- up, the animal’s internal environment (physiological state) the external environment, and experience.

5pm: Panel discussion | Elsa Flint, Jess Beer and Lindsay Skyner

Saturday 20 November

8am: How to get the best from your pathology lab | Sandra Forsyth 
Taking the right samples at the right time and providing a good history go a long way towards getting the best from your veterinary pathology laboratory. We will cover how to get the best from your laboratory to maximise the diagnostic and prognostic capabilities of the samples to improve patient care.

9am: In-house cytology: tips, tricks and some common skin lumps and bumps | Kathryn Jenkins
Cytology has become an invaluable tool in our diagnostic repertoire. Learn how to make the most out of your cytology samples, including some common errors (and how to fix them), identifying artifacts to ignore, and recognising a few of the most common causes of skin masses.

10.30am: Thoracic imaging: how to optimise your images and improve your assessment | Caroline Eivers
This presentation will cover common pitfalls of obtaining and assessing thoracic radiographs, and how to avoid/remedy these. I will cover ways to optimise radiographic quality, and we will review some case-based examples of various thoracic pathology in cats and dogs. 

11.30am: Abdominal ultrasonography in general practice | Caroline Eivers
This presentation will cover optimisation of ultrasound imaging in general practice, with a brief review of relevant ultrasound physics. We will review some case-based examples of various abdominal diseases in dogs and cats, with a focus on the 'acute abdomen.

1.30pm: It’s in the blood: in-house vs. laboratory blood tests | Sandra Forsyth
In-clinic analysers instantly provide practitioners access to biochemistry and haematology results which can aid in diagnosis of a disease condition as well as cater to the needs of clients. With the acquisition of such tools comes the responsibility to use them correctly and to interpret the results accurately. How to get the best from your in-clinic analyser and how using a combination of in-clinic and diagnostic laboratory facilities to maximise your diagnostic capabilities will be discussed.

2.30pm: Companion Animal Veterinarian's Branch of the NZVA AGM

3pm: Reducing compassion fatigue and moral distress in animal care professionals | Bridey White
Embedding sound emotional health practices into the work life of animal care professionals is integral to workplace mental health. Animal care professionals face different and similar challenges to their non-animal health care counterparts. They experience the human animal bond compounded by the caring killing paradox. Both factors converge, potentially creating health and safety risks that can have mental health consequences. Understanding some of the complexities can reduce the cost of caring.

4pm: Mast cell tumour: cytologic diagnosis of a pleomorphic tumour| Kathryn Jenkins
Cytologic diagnosis of mast cell tumours can be straight forward, but this tumour can be as pleomorphic as its clinical appearance. Learn how to spot the many faces of mast cell tumours on cytology, including some of the common pitfalls we can encounter in practice.

4.30pm: What can clinical pathology offer in GI disease work-up? | Sandra Forsyth
GI disease is typically investigated using endoscopy, radiography and ultrasonography. These diagnostic tools can be expensive and are not necessarily available to everyone whereas laboratory tests are typically less expensive and much more readily available. This session will discuss the tests that are available to practitioners for the work-up of the GI case.

5pm: Mast cell tumour: cytologic grading and staging | Kathryn Jenkins
Recent papers have explored utilising cytology for grading of mast cell tumours. Through images, we will talk about the benefits and potential limitations of cytologic grading, and how ultimately it can help with initial clinical decision making.