Antimicrobial use and resistance in New Zealand - NZVJ special issue
Sunday, 5 March 2017
The New Zealand Veterinary Journal (NZVJ), the NZVA’s international peer-reviewed journal, has a special issue out now focusing on antimicrobial use and resistance in New Zealand. An expanded virtual issue includes additional papers on this topic, previously published in the Journal, which date back to the 1950s.
In the special issue
This issue is introduced by two guest editorials that provide external perspectives on this topic.
The author of the first, Luca Guardabassi, is currently Professor of Clinical Microbiology at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, St Kitts and Nevis, having previously spent more than 15 years at the Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. In his editorial he highlights the large differences in prevalence of resistance between countries, and reasons that different strategies and objectives are needed for the prevention and control of antimicrobial resistance. His conclusions for New Zealand should give us pause for thought to ensure that the objectives and resources used in this country are rational, and address the important elements endorsed by the World Health Organisation action plan.
The second guest editorial, written by researchers based at the University of Otago and the Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences (IVABS), Massey University, examines how antimicrobial resistance can be addressed using a One Health approach. This should facilitate collaboration between medical and veterinary practitioners and scientists, integrating strategies for surveillance and prudent use of antimicrobials across all species.
The use of antimicrobials in farm animals in New Zealand is reported by Eric Hillerton and colleagues, and is compared with that in Australia, Canada, the USA and 26 European countries. Usage in dairy cattle is examined specifically in an article by Mark Bryan and Shen-Yan Hea, and factors influencing prescribing practices by dairy veterinarians are reported by Scott McDougall and colleagues. Three articles report on antimicrobial resistance in bacteria infecting companion animals. In all three studies, the number of isolates showing multidrug resistance was relatively low, but the characteristics of those isolates were similar to those reported from human studies in this country. A review of multidrug resistance in Enterobacteriaceae in New Zealand is also provided by Leah Toombs-Ruane and colleagues.
Find the special issue here >>
In the expanded online issue – free to download
In addition to the articles in the ‘real’ issue, a complementary virtual issue has been put together that includes articles previously published in the NZVJ.
Resistance to antibiotics, and its relevance to veterinary practice, has been examined and described in articles from some of the earliest volumes of the Journal, published in the 1950s and 1960s. The appropriate use of antimicrobial drugs by veterinarians was also discussed; and many of the messages regarding prudent use are mirrored in the more recent papers.
All articles in this expanded online issue are free to download from the Taylor & Francis site.
Find the expanded online issue here >>
How to subscribe to the NZVJ
Online access to the NZVJ through SciQuest is a benefit for members of the New Zealand Veterinary Association.
If you are not a member you can find more information on subscribing to the New Zealand Veterinary Journal here >>